The Denial of Medical Rights: Medical Racism
Provident Hospital was established to improve the medical rights of black physicians and black patients who were being discriminated against by white society and white institutions. "Like the nation as a whole, organized medicine in the United States carries a legacy of racial bias and segregation that should be understood and acknowledged. For more than 100 years, many state and local medical societies openly discriminated against black physicians, barring them from membership and from professional support and advancement. The American Medical Association was early and persistent in countenancing this racial segregation. Several key historical episodes demonstrate that many of the decisions and practices that established and maintained medical professional segregation were challenged by black and white physicians, both within and outside organized medicine. The effects of this history have been far reaching for the medical profession and, in particular, the legacy of segregation, bias, and exclusion continues to adversely affect African American physicians and the patients they serve". -JAMA. 2008;300(3):306-313 [Emphasis added]
Treatment of Black Physcians
The AMA made no effort to allow membership to black physicians claiming it was "a matter of local concern"
In fact, it wasn't until 1961 when black physicians were allowed membership in the AMA
In 2008, a JMA article examined racism towards African Americans between 1846 through the Civil Rights Era.
"In 2008 a group convened by the AMA’s Institute for Ethics publishes "African American Physicians and Organized Medicine, 1846-1968." Appearing in the July 16 edition of JAMA, the piece investigates the Association’s relationship to and positions on race. Following publication of the article, AMA issues an apology for its historical role in discrimination against African-Americans in organized medicine. [“African American Physicians and Organized Medicine, 1846-1968.” Robert B. Baker, PhD, Ololade Olakanmi, Harriet A. Washington, et al. Journal of American Medical Association. 2008, 300 (3): 306-313.]" -AMA (CLICK TO ENLARGE)
Treatment of Black Patients
"During Jim Crow, "frank racism", in the form of segregated facilities and wards, "was not uncommon at teaching hospitals," the medical historian Kenneth Ludermer argues. At some institutions black patients were only ever seen by medical students".
The Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment (1932-1972)
The medical rights of black patients were denied during the forty year inhumane study. "In 1932, the Public Health Service, working with the Tuskegee Institute, began a study to record the natural history of syphilis in hopes of justifying treatment programs for blacks. It was called the "Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male."' -Center for Disease Control and Prevention
Excerpt from The Tuskegee Syphilis Study from Journey Man TV